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Daycare in the U.S. after WWII to the 1960's

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Group child care during the late 1940s and 1950s remained unpopular.
-- From Past Caring, A History of U.S. Preschool Care and Education for the Poor, 1820-1965  by Emily D. Cahan, 1989 by National Center for Children in Poverty, p. 31.
Eventually, however, daycare gained further acceptance due to the growing misconception that day care was educational and thus benefited children.

Daycare Initially Unpopular:
Dr. Benjamin Spock (the famous pediatrician of that time) declared in the 1947 and 1958 editions of Baby and Child Care that "...it doesn't make sense to (have mothers)...pay other people to do a poorer job of bringing up their own children."
-- Ibid.,  p. 31
And New York State's brief experiment with publicly funded child care ended in 1947 when governor Thomas E. Dewey terminated state support for day care and called those who protested the decision "Communists".
-- Ibid.,  p. 31

Dependent Care Tax Credit encourages daycare:
The DCTC was passed in 1956, allowing tax deductions for child-care expenses "...as long as (the child care expense) was to permit the taxpayer to hold gainful employment."
Although supporters "believed that child care should be considered a legitimate business expense", it had the unintended consequence of unfairly penalizing families that care for their children at home, since their taxes now had to subsidize those that used daycare.
-- Quotes from Children's Interests/Mothers' Rights  by Sandra Michel, 1999,  P. 205

The Welfare Crisis in the 60's reinvents publicly-funded daycare.
...public concern over the sloth of ADC (Aid to Dependent Children, a.k.a., "Welfare") recipients gave daycare advocates an opening.  In 1962, congress approved day care funding for poor mothers, who were expected to enter the workforce and leave their children with others.
-- "How Welfare Begat Day Care", The Howard Center's Family in America, Jan 2001, Volume 15, number 1

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Continued on the next page

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Last updated:  01/29/2005

History of Daycare- Background | History of Daycare - Overview | Overview - cont. | Precursors to modern Daycare | Precursors - pg 2
Daycare in the former Soviet Union  | Soviet Union - pg 2 | Daycare in the early Zionist kibbutzim | Daycare during the Great Depression |
Daycare during WWII | Daycare during WWII - cont. Daycare after WWII to the 1960's  | Daycare after WWII - cont. | Daycare today  
 


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